There is hope for the future

I’m incredibly proud of her! Keep up the great work Greta!

"There is hope for the future. When the world is ready for a new and better life, all this will someday come to pass..."
-Captain Nemo, Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Seas-

Kemo D. 7

2100 A.D.

Global sea levels could rise more than two meters (6.6 feet) by the end of this century if emissions continue unchecked, swamping major cities such as New York and Shanghai and displacing up to 187 million people, a new study warns. The study, which was released Monday, says sea levels may rise much faster than previously estimated due to the accelerating melting of ice sheets in both Greenland and Antarctica.

The international researchers predict that in the worst case scenario under which global temperatures increase by 5 degrees Celsius (9 degrees Fahrenheit) by 2100, sea levels could rise by more than two meters (6.6 feet) in the same period -- double the upper limit outlined by the UN climate science panel's last major report. Such a situation would be "catastrophic," the authors of the study warn. The researchers found that under the extreme-case scenario, about 1.79 million square kilometers (691,120 sq miles) -- an area more than three times the size of California -- would be lost to the sea.

Such a rise would place up to 187 million people at risk, which is about 2.5% of the world's total population.

Scientists say there is still time to avoid the worst if global greenhouse gas emissions are cut sharply in the coming decades.

Kemo D. 7

Earth Day 2019

Nature’s gifts to our planet are the millions of species that we know and love, and many more that remain to be discovered. Unfortunately, human beings have irrevocably upset the balance of nature and, as a result, the world is facing the greatest rate of extinction since we lost the dinosaurs more than 60 million years ago. But unlike the fate of the dinosaurs, the rapid extinction of species in our world today is the result of human activity.

The unprecedented global destruction and rapid reduction of plant and wildlife populations are directly linked to causes driven by human activity: climate change, deforestation, habitat loss, trafficking and poaching, unsustainable agriculture, pollution and pesticides to name a few. The impacts are far reaching.

If we do not act now, extinction may be humanity’s most enduring legacy.

Kemo D.7

Person of the Year

After 10 years of planning and scientific investments totaling over $50 million, researchers released the first-ever image of a black hole. The image is a feat of modern science — experts say it’s the equivalent of taking a photo of an orange on the moon with a smartphone — and international collaboration. Over 200 scientists across the globe contributed to the project.

One of those scientists is Katie Bouman, a 29-year-old computer scientist who began working on the project when she was a graduate student at the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) at MIT. Bouman’s research led to the creation of a new algorithm that allowed scientists to bring the black hole image to life, a task with a level of difficulty that cannot be overstated.

“The black hole is really, really far away from us. The one we showed a picture of is 55 million light years away. That means that image is what the black hole was like 55 million years ago,” explains Bouman. “The law of diffraction tells us that given the wavelength that we need in order to see that event horizon, which is about one millimeter, and the resolution we need to see a ring of that size, we would need to build an earth-sized telescope.”

That is where computer scientists like Bouman came in. “Obviously, we can’t build an earth-sized telescope. So instead, what we did is we built a computational earth-sized telescope,” she says. “We took telescopes that were already built around the world and were able to observe at the wavelength we needed, and we connected them together into a network that would work together.” That computational telescope is the Event Horizon Telescope, a constellation of telescopes in the South Pole, Chile, Spain, Mexico and the United States.

There is hope for the future!

Kemo D. 7

Happy New Year Everyone!

Got plans to lose weight, eat healthier or save more money? If these or any other New Year's resolutions are on your list, you're in good company because you are taking part in a goal-driven tradition that has emerged in different forms throughout history. People hoping to slim down or move up the corporate latter may not realize it, but they are engaging in a tradition that has ancient origins. Bronze Age people also practiced the fine art of New Year's resolutions, though their oaths were external, rather than internally focused. More than 4,000 years ago, the ancient Babylonians celebrated the New Year not in January, but in March, when the spring harvest came in. The festival, called Akitu, lasted 12 days.

An important facet of Akitu was the crowning of a new king, or reaffirmation of loyalty to the old king, should he still sit on the throne. Special rituals also affirmed humanity's covenant with the gods; as far as Babylonians were concerned, their continued worship was what kept creation humming. Centuries later, the ancient Romans had similar traditions to ring in their new year, which also originally began in March. New Year's resolutions have become a secular tradition, and most Americans who make them now focus on self-improvement. The U.S. government even maintains a website of those looking for tips on achieving some of the most popular resolutions: losing weight, volunteering more, stopping smoking, eating better, getting out of debt and saving money.

If the past is any indication, many Americans have a good chance at keeping their promises for at least part of 2019.

Kemo D. 7

Global Food Security

The climate is not only warming, it is also becoming more variable and extreme. Such unpredictable weather can weaken global food security if major crops such as wheat are not sufficiently resilient -- and if we are not properly prepared. A group of European researchers, including Professor Jørgen E. Olesen from the Department of Agroecology at Aarhus University, has found that current breeding programmes and cultivar selection practices do not provide the needed resilience to climate change.

- The current breeding programmes and cultivar selection practices do not sufficiently prepare for climatic uncertainty and variability, the authors state in a paper recently published in PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences).
- Not only that the response diversity of wheat on farmers' fields in most European countries has worsened in the past five to fifteen years, depending on country.

Researchers predict that greater variability and extremeness of local weather conditions will lead to reduced yields in wheat and increased yield variability. Needless to say, decreased yields are not conducive to food security, but higher yield variability also poses problems. It can lead to a market with greater speculation and price volatility.

This may threaten stable access to food by the poor, which in turn can enhance political instability and migration...

Kemo D. 7

The Extra Dimension

We have known for the past 20 years that the Universe is expanding at an ever accelerating rate. The explanation is the "dark energy" that permeates it throughout, pushing it to expand. Understanding the nature of this dark energy is one of the paramount enigmas of fundamental physics. It has long been hoped that string theory will provide the answer. According to string theory, all matter consists of tiny, vibrating "stringlike" entities. The theory also requires there to be more spatial dimensions than the three that are already part of everyday knowledge. For 15 years, there have been models in string theory that have been thought to give rise to dark energy. However, these have come in for increasingly harsh criticism, and several researchers are now asserting that none of the models proposed to date are workable.

In their article, the scientists propose a new model with dark energy and our Universe riding on an expanding bubble in an extra dimension. The whole Universe is accommodated on the edge of this expanding bubble. All existing matter in the Universe corresponds to the ends of strings that extend out into the extra dimension. The researchers also show that expanding bubbles of this kind can come into existence within the framework of string theory. It is conceivable that there are more bubbles than ours, corresponding to other universes.

The Uppsala scientists' model provides a new, different picture of the creation and future fate of the Universe, while it may also pave the way for methods of testing string theory.

Kemo D. 7

Ancient Mysteries

Mini-sub explorers in the Bermuda Triangle have found something very interesting and very mysterious. The discovery happened as part of research for the Discovery Channel‘s docu-series Cooper’s Treasure, but apparently, it could be much more than the producers bargained for. According to explorer Darrell Miklos, his team has located what he believes is nothing less than physical evidence of an ancient extraterrestrial visit to Earth. The late NASA astronaut Gordon Cooper made several maps of the Caribbean pointing to possible shipwrecks. Now Cooper’s associate, Miklos, is exploring sites identified by Cooper, and that project is the basis of the Discovery Channel series. The series has completed one season, but the new season will offer what could be a history-making find.

Miklos told the British newspaper the Daily Mail that, “I was trying to identify shipwreck material based on one of the anomaly readings on Gordon’s charts when I noticed something that stuck out, that shocked me.” What he thought could be an ancient shipwreck turned out to be a huge USO (unidentified submerged object) with 15,300-ft.-long obtrusions jutting from its sides. “It was a formation unlike anything I’ve ever seen related to shipwreck material; it was too big for that.” In one photo, a horizontal cylinder structure juts out from a large dome feature at the center of the site. Geophysicists on the team report that the heavy coral covering these structures appears to be more than 5,000 years old.

Certainly millions of viewers will be eagerly awaiting further details, hopefully forthcoming in future episodes of Cooper’s Treasure. Of course, the presence of lost technology beneath the waters of the Caribbean could point in directions other than interplanetary or interstellar space.

The ancient—and lost—civilization of Atlantis, populated by humans from Earth, for instance, is believed by many to have once—before the end of the last ice age—ruled the region now dubbed the Bermuda Triangle.

Kemo D. 7

Source: Atlantis Rising Magazine

Gunung Padang

Though few seem to know it, there’s been an ancient pyramid that’s been hiding underneath a mountain in Indonesia for centuries. It’s known as Gunung Padang and one researcher has reason to believe that this may be the oldest pyramid still standing on Earth. ScienceAlert reported that new research presented at the AGU (American Geophysical Union) 2018 Fall Meeting in Washington, D.C. proposed that the site of the world’s oldest known pyramid-like structure is actually at the Gunung Padang megalithic site, located in the West Java Province of Indonesia.

Kemo D. 7