With crime-fighting software inspired by evolution, a picture is worth a thousand . . . other pictures.
As often happens during a crime, a victim gets only a brief glance at the assailant. Later, when police ask him for a description of the perpetrator, he has trouble recalling details. But now, with new identification software developed by two researchers in
The software, called EvoFIT, exploits the fact that the human brain is much better at recognizing a face than describing it.
Unlike current identification systems, which require a witness to choose from a menu of features—say, a crooked mouth or a pointy nose—EvoFIT simply offers up a gallery of faces on a computer screen and then, based on witness choices, “evolves” a face that resembles the perp.
“It’s just selective breeding,” says
The program works like this: Detectives show the victim a series of 70 faces selected for sex and race on a computer screen. Of these, the victim chooses the six that most resemble the suspect.
Using more than 80 variables that relate to either facial shape or texture, the program merges, or “breeds,” the selected images and almost instantly comes up with 70 variations of the original six. The victim picks another six faces, and so on. After four or five rounds, EvoFIT produces a portrait the victim recognizes. Then cops hit the streets.
Kemo D. (a.k.a. no.7)