Supernovas are the spectacular ends to the lives of many massive stars. These explosions, which occur on average twice a century in the Milky Way, can produce enormous amounts of energy and be as bright as an entire galaxy. These events are also important because the remains of the shattered star are hurled into space. As this debris field — called a supernova remnant — expands, it carries the material it encounters along with it. Astronomers have identified a supernova remnant that has several unusual properties. First, they found that this supernova remnant, known as G352.7-0.1 (G352), has swept up a remarkable amount of material, equivalent to about 45 times the mass of the Sun. Another atypical trait of G352 is that it has a very different shape in radio data compared to that in X-rays.
A recent study suggests, surprisingly, that the X-ray emission in G352 is dominated by the hotter (about 54 million degrees Fahrenheit [30 million degrees Celsius]) debris from the explosion, rather than cooler (about 4 million degrees F [2 million degrees C]) emission from surrounding material that has been swept up by the expanding shock wave. This is curious because astronomers estimate that G352 exploded about 2,200 years ago, and supernova remnants of this age usually produce X-rays that are dominated by swept-up material. Scientists are still trying to come up with an explanation for this behavior. Although it does not produce a lot of X-ray emission, the amount of material swept up by G352 is remarkably high for a supernova remnant located in our galaxy.
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