If you share my view that technology drives history more than any other factor, then you will probably agree that the 21st century is going to be significantly shaped by the outcome of a single question: Will synthetic biology achieve radical success or not?
Synthetic biology is the current term for the outer reaches of ambition in biotechnology. More often than not, the notion includes making artificial biology more like digital computation. It could hardly be otherwise, for computers are central to most of the prior art we have for building highly complicated structures from scratch. Computers also symbolize the ultimate in freedom through technology. You can hypothetically program a computer to do virtually anything with its input and output devices.
If we could only find the right computer program to operate robotic medical devices, for instance, we could create a robot surgeon to cure any disease.